Sperlinga castle is a strange mix to prehistorically excavations on the rock and medieval architectonic buildings. It is excavated in an impressive sandstone rock and it was utilized by Sicilian prehistorical population like a sacred area or necropolis, it was modified during byzantine domination and Sarasin domination in a military point of observation, finally during Normand domination it was changed in a castle.
A guided visit offers the possibility to discover the different kind of excavations in Sperlinga castle: like rooms, windows, channels and tanks to collect water rain, bell silos have been excavated for the storage and processing of cereals, stables.
The building zone is very important because you can
observe the drawbridge, the moat, the chapel,
the tower with Ghibelline battlements.
See Sperlinga castle structure
1 – Drawbridge and entrance of Sperlinga castle where is engraved the famous sentence : Quod Siculis Placuit Sola Sperlinga Negavit.
A – East side
2 – Prince's room is a large salon with mullioned window with two lights.
3 – Stable and working place: you can see a forge and its conical chimney engraved on the rock (4) and the “postern” or back entrance to go out secretly during siege.
5 - Reservoir, a set of wells and canals to collect rain.
B - West side – residential part
6 – Church of Saint Luc Evangelist after consecrated to Saint Domenico Soriano.
7 - A line of silos to store corn, by a stair on wood you can visit this side, among them there is the mysterious silo with 12 twelve niches perhaps it was a sundial or a sacred area;
8 – Residence : composed by rooms to the possessor's family. A stair link to the second level now used like balcony (9) .10 –Marvellous stair : a flight of 80 eighty steps engraved on the rock bring to military zone composed by a tower (11) and an esplanade where there were crossbows and catapults; however you can observe a strange trap for enemies and different reservoirs.Sperlinga come from the ancient Greek that means grotto.
The inhabitants speak a strange dialect called Galloitalico gave in this part of Sicily by immigrants came from North Italy and South of France during Normand domination from 1061 to 1137
Sperlinga castle is very important to History of Sicily because during Sicilian Vespers the inhabitants protect French soldiers, they offered food during the long siege. The Sicilian Vespers is the name given to a rebellion in Sicily in 1282 against the rule of the French/Angevin king Charles I, who in 1266 and with Papal complicity, had taken control of the entire Kingdom of Sicily.
The castle, now is the destination of thousands of Italians and foreign tourists, a trip on the village and a guided visit afford to discover a Sicily rich in amazements, testimony of a past grow up to different dominations.
Open every day , sunday and also on public holidays and religious feasts.
From 9,30 to 13,00 and from 14,30 to 18,30
|6 years – 18 years 2 €||19 years - 60 years 3 €||61 years and over 2 €|
shortfilm Granfonte di Leonforte, Borgo Rupestre e Castello di Sperlinga www.giovannilombardo.it